The collection of ocean garbage of the world is growing at a phenomenal rate. In particular, the Great Pacific Garbage Patch which is actually a collection of plastic that is floating between California and Hawaii has grown to about more than about 600,000 square miles. This is according to a report published on Thursday and more importantly is that the total size of the garbage is more than about two times the total size of Texas. The converging currents of the ocean and the winds actually funnel the garbage into a central location. This is per Laurent Lebreton who is the lead author of the Ocean Cleanup Foundation which is actually a non-profit organization that took forward this particular research.
According to Laurent Lebreton, this mass was first discovered during the early 1990s and that the garbage or trash comes from around the Pacific Rim which includes the nations of Asia, North America, and South America. This particular patch of garbage is not a solid mass of plastic but includes about 1.8 trillion pieces which weighs about 88,000 tons, the weight of which is equivalent to about 500 jumbo jets. This newly published data is about sixteen times higher than the estimates that were given previously. This new research which was published on Thursday in peer-reviewed journal Scientific Reports was actually the most compact and complete study of the patch of garbage that was ever undertaken. Julia Reisser who is one of the members of the foundation stated that everyone was extremely surprised by the total amount of large plastic objects that were found. She also mentioned that they used to think that most of the debris comprised of small fragments but the latest analysis has brought to light the scope of the debris.
This particular study was based on mapping efforts of about three years by an international team of scientists who are affiliated with the Ocean Cleanup Foundation, six universities, and an aerial sensor company. It would be very sad and surprising to know that human beings have produced more than about 18.2 trillion pounds of plastic since the 1950s which is almost equivalent to the size of one billion elephants. Laurent Lebreton said that it is very sad to know that the Pacific patch is not the only one of plastic garbage but the Great Pacific Garbage Patch is the largest of the five other such collections of trash in the ocean.